Liver transplant works out to be a surgical process where the damaged or diseased liver is removed with a healthy one. The donor is deceased or a living person. The liver happens to be the largest internal organ and is responsible for performing a variety of functions which includes
- Removal of toxins and bacteria from the blood
- Regulating immune responses and prevents infection
- Processing of medications or nutrients
- Enables the production of proteins that help the blood to clot
Liver transplant is suggested for an individual who is at the end stage of liver disease or face complications in the functioning of the liver. In some cases, the failure of a proper functioning liver could occur as well. The strange aspect is that the number of people who are waiting for the transplant exceeds the donors.
The surgical liver restores to its normal size with a few minutes once the procedure is performed. For this option, living donor transplant is a much better option than waiting for a deceased donor to be available.
The reasons for a liver transplant is performed
Liver transplant is performed on people who are suffering from liver cancer or any alternative forms of treatment have failed to churn in the desired results. It could take place on an immediate basis or over a lengthy period of time as well. Acute liver failure means that it occurs in just a few weeks and it would point to medication-induced injury.
With a liver transplant, acute liver failure may be taken care of, more often than not it deals with chronic liver failure. In this case, it slowly occurs over months and years. Chronic liver failure occurs due to numerous conditions. Scarring happens to be the main issue behind their occurrence and it means that a scar tissue goes on to replace a normal tissue and disrupts their function. A liver transplant may also be needed if any type of cancer originates in the lungs.
As with any type of surgical procedures, liver transplant carries a lot of complications. Risks are associated with the procedure itself and these rolls over to the drugs that are needed to prevent the rejection of the donor’s liver right after the transplant is over. Some of the major risks associated with this procedure are
- Blood clots
- The donated liver is rejected
- Seizures or any type of mental confusion
It could also lead to long-term complications in the form of recurrence of the liver disease in the donated liver.
Once the transplant procedure is over, you would need to be a dose of medicines throughout your life so that the body does not reject a donated liver. Numerous side effects in the form of higher levels of blood pressure, diabetes, bone thinning all tend to be common. These drugs work by tampering with the immune system, your chances of infection also rise considerably.
Always opt for the best liver transplant surgeon in India as they have a proven track record of being part of successful surgeries.